New Britain bronzewing
|New Britain bronzewing|
Rothschild & Hartert, 1906
|Distribution of the New Britain Bronzewing|
The New Britain bronzewing (Henicophaps foersteri) is a species of bird in the family Columbidae. It is endemic to Papua New Guinea. In 1988, it was rated as a near threatened species on the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List of Endangered Species. However, in 2000, it was warranted a vulnerable status.
The New Britain bronzewing measures about 38 centimetres (15 in) in length, having 20.5 centimetres (8.1 in) long wingspan. The tail measures 13.7 centimetres (5.4 in), and the bill measures 3 centimetres (1.2 in) in length. It has a buff coloured forehead and a reddish brown crown. The irides and the bill are dark. It has dark brown upperparts, and the chin, throat, and ear feathers are creamy white. The greater and the median coverts are metallic golden green, and the lesser coverts are dark maroon. It has blue iridescent tertials.
It emits a monotonously repeating pip-yia call, with the second note being higher pitched than the first note.
Distribution and habitat
The New Britain bronzewing is endemic to Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitat is old-growth and second-growth lowland forests up to elevations of at least 700 metres (2,300 ft) above sea level.
Status and conservation
In 1988, the New Britain bronzewing was rated as a near threatened species on the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species. However, in 2000, it was warranted a vulnerable status due to its small population numbering less than 5,000, which is probably decreasing due to habitat loss. It is a rare species. It has been recorded in the Poikili and the Garu Wildlife Protection Areas.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Henicophaps foersteri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Baptista, L.F.; Trail, P.W.; Horblit, H.M. (2017). del Hoyo, Josep; Elliott, Andrew; Sargatal, Jordi; Christie, David A; de Juana, Eduardo, eds. "New Britain Bronzewing (Henicophaps foersteri)". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Archived from the original on 2017-07-12. Retrieved 2017-09-19. (Subscription required (. ))
- Gibbs, David (2010). Pigeons and Doves: A Guide to the Pigeons and Doves of the World. London: A&C Black. pp. 298–299. ISBN 9781408135563.
- Beehler, Bruce M.; Pratt, Thane K.; Lecroy, Mary (2016). Birds of New Guinea: Distribution, Taxonomy, and Systematics. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. pp. 38–69. ISBN 1400880718.
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